Testing artefacts

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IEEE 829
IEEE 829-1998, also known as the 829 standard for application check documentation, is an IEEE standard that specifies how a set of documents for use in four defined stages of application testing, each stage potentially produce their own separate type of document. The standard specifies the format of these documents, but not stipulate whether they all must be produced, nor does it include any criteria regarding adequate content for these documents. It is a matter of opinion outside the scope of the rule. The documents are:
Test Plan: a management planning document that shows:
• How the check is carried out (including configurations SUT).
• Who will do
• What will be tested
• How long it will take (although this can vary, depending on availability of resources).
• What coverage of the check is, ie what level of quality is necessary
Test Design Specification: detailing check conditions and expected results and pass the check criteria.
Test Case Specification: specifying the check information for use in the management of check conditions defined in the proof of Design Specification
Test Procedure Specification: detailing how to run each check, including any prerequisites and configuration steps to follow
Test Item transmission of the document: reporting application components during the check have progressed from a testing phase to the next
Proof of registration: registration is conducted tests of the cases that led, in what order and whether each check passed or no
Test Incident Document: detail, for any evidence that the actual versus expected result, and other information to shed light on why a check has failed. This document is deliberately named as a incident document, not a bug document. The reason is that a discrepancy between predicted and actual results may
occur for several reasons other than a technique failure. These include the expected results being wrong, of the check is performed poorly, or lack of consistency in requirements meaning that over two interpretation could be done. The document contains full details of the incident, as actual results and expected, when failed, and supporting evidence to assist in their resolution. The document will also include, if possible, a assessing the impact of an incident to the check.
Test Summary Document: a management document that provides important information uncovered by testing performed, including assessments of the quality of stress tests, the quality of the application technique under check, and statistics from incident reports. The document also records what testing was done and how While taking in order to improve the planning of any future check. This final document is used to indicate whether the application technique under check is fit for purpose in terms of whether or not it met the acceptance criteria defined by the actors involved.

Relationship with other standards:
Other rules can be covered in the documentation according to IEEE 829 are:
IEEE 1008 standard for unit testing
IEEE 1012 standard for program verification & validation
IEEE 1028, a standard for program inspections
IEEE 1044, a standard for the classification of program anomalies
IEEE 1044-1, a guide to the classification of program anomalies
IEEE 830, a guide for developing specifications for technique requirements
IEEE 730 standard for quality assurance designs program
IEEE 1061, a standard for program quality metrics & methodology
IEEE 12207, a standard for life cycle processes of program & information lifecycle
BS 7925-1, a vocabulary of terms used in program testing
BS 7925-2, a standard for program component testing

Use of IEEE 829:
The standard forms part of the training procedures and ISEB Foundation Certificate in Application Professional Tests sponsored by the British Computer Society. ISTQB, after the formation of their own curriculum based on ISEB and curricula ASQF France, also adopted as the IEEE 829 standard for application testing documentation.

Test strategy:
A Test strategy is a technique that describes the testing portion of the application development cycle. It is created to tell project managers, testers & developers on some key issues in the testing technique. This includes the aim of the tests, methods of testing new features, total time & resources needed for the project, & evidence environment.In the testing strategy describes how the risks of stake holder products are attenuated in the levels of testing, the check types are made to check levels, & entry & exit criteria apply.The check strategy is built on the basis of design development documents. The technique design document is the main used &, sometimes, conceptual design document may be concerned. The documents describing the design of application functionality that is enabled in the next version. For each set of design development, a appropriate check strategy must be created to check the number of new functions.

Test Levels:
The test strategy describes the level of testing performed. There's fundamentally two levels of tests: unit tests,integration testing & method testing. In most application development organizations, developers are responsible to check the drive. Individual testers or check equipment are responsible for integration & method testing.

Roles and Responsibilities:
The roles and responsibilities of the race leader, individual testers, project manager must be clearly defined in a draft level in this section. This may not have names associated, but the role has to be very clearly defined.Testing strategies should be examined by developers. They ought to also be reviewed by the check leads for all levels of testing to ensure that full coverage is still not overlap. Both the director of testing and development of managers should adopt the strategy of testing before testing can start.

Environment Requirements:
Environmental requirements are an important part of the check strategy. It describes what operating systems are used to tests. It also clearly informs the levels necessary OS patches and security updates needed. For example, some the check plan may need Service Pack 2 installed on the Windows XP operating technique as a prerequisite for the check.

Testing Tools:
There's three methods used in the execution of check cases: manual and automation. Depending on the nature of the evidence,is usually the case that a combination of manual and automated testing is the optimal check method. Planning must find appropriate automation device to reduce total check time.

Risks and Mitigation:
Any risks that may affect the testing method must occur together with mitigation. By documenting the risks this document, you can anticipate the occurrence of that long before time and then proactively can prevent happening. Examples of risks are dependence on the completion of coding, which is performed by subcontractors, the ability to testing tools, etc.

Test Schedule:
A test plan should make an estimation of how long it will take to complete the testing phase. There's plenty of requirements to complete testing phases. First, testers must execute all check cases at least one time. Furthermore, if a defect was found, the developers will need to fix the problem. The testers should then re-test the failed check case until it is functioning correctly. Last but not the least, the tester need to conduct regression testing towards the finish of the cycle to make sure the developers did not accidentally break parts of the program while fixing another part. This can occur on check cases that were historically in the past functioning properly.The check schedule should also document the number of tester obtainable for testing. If possible, assign check cases teach tester.It is often difficult to make an accurate approximation of the check schedule since the testing phase involves plenty of
uncertainties. Planners should take in to account the extra time needed to accommodate contingent issues. One way to make this approximation is to look at the time needed by the previous releases of the program. If the program is new,multiplying the initial testing schedule approximation by one is a nice way to start.

Regression Test Approach:
When it identifies a particular problem, programs can be debugged & the review was carried out the program. To make sure that the patch works, the program will be tested again for that criteria. Regression testing ensures that A solution is not to generate other problems in that program or any other interface. Therefore, a set of related check cases may must repeat again to make sure nothing else is affected by a particular solution. How this will be conducted should be developed in this section. In some companies, every time there is a solution in a single unit, all unit tests cases from that unit will be repeated to accomplish a higher level of quality.

Test Groups:
From the list of requirements, they can identify related areas, whose functionality is similar. These areas are proof groups. For example, a railway reservation process, anything connected with booking of tickets is a functional group; anything related to the generation of reports is a functional group. Similarly, they must identify groups based check the aspect of functionality.

Test Priorities:
Among the check cases, they must set priorities. Although testing of application projects, some check cases will be treated as the most important and if not, the product can not be released. Some check cases can be treated as Cosmetics and if not, they can release the product without much compromise in functionality. This priority levels should be clearly stated. These can be assigned to check groups as well.

Test Status Collections and Reporting:
When walking the check cases, the race leader and the project manager must know exactly where they stand in terms of testing activities. To know where they are, the contributions of individual evaluators must reach the race leader. This will include, what check cases are executed, the time it took, how plenty of cases have passed the check and how plenty of, etc.Moreover, the frequency with which they see the situation must be clearly mentioned. Some companies have a practice of collecting the situation in a daily or weekly basis. This has to be mentioned clearly.

Test Records Maintenance:
When jogging the check cases, they must keep track of the details of implementation, when executed, by whom,how long it took, what is the result, etc. This information should be available for the race leader and project manager, along with all team members in a central location. This can be stored in a specific directory on a central server and the document must make clear about the locations and directories. The naming convention for documents and files must also be mentioned.

Requirements traceability matrix:
Ideally, each program developer must meet all requirements . Thus, from the design, each requirement must be addressed in every single document in the program system. The documents include the HLD,LLD, source code, unit check, integration check cases & cases of check technique. See the table below shows
which describes the requirements traceability matrix system. In this matrix, the rows are counted with the requirements. To all records (HLD, LLD etc), there will be a separate column. Thus, in each cell, it should be noted, in which section in High-level Dialogue addresses a particular requirement. Ideally, if every requirement is addressed in every single document, all individual cells must have valid IDs or names section filled in Then they know that addresses every need. In If lack of demand, they must return to your document & correct it, so went to the requirement.

Test Summary:
Top management may have the summary of evidence on a weekly or monthly basis. If the project is critical,they may require on a daily basis as well. This section should address what type of summary reports of the check comes for senior management, along with frequency.The check strategy should give a clear picture of what the team will check the entire project for the period. This document is / may be presented to the client also, if necessary. The person who prepares this document,must be functionally important in the domain of the product, with a lovely experience because this is the document being to lead the team to the check activities. Check strategy must be clearly explained to the members of check team right at the start of the project.

Test plan:
A test plan is a document that details a systematic approach to testing a system as a machine or software. The
plan typically contains a detailed understanding of what the eventual workflow will be.

Test plans:
A check plan documents the strategy to be used to verify and ensure that a product or method meets its design specifications and other requirements. A check plan is usually prepared by or with significant input check Engineers.Depending on the product and responsibility of the organization implementing the check plan, check plan can include four or more of the following:
• Design verification and compliance testing - to carryover out during the development or approval stages of product, usually in a small sample of units.
• The manufacture or production of evidence - that is made during the preparation or manufacture of the product in a coursework form for the purposes of performance verification and quality control.
• Accept or commissioning check - which takes place at the time of delivery or installation of the product.
• Service and Repair of inquiry - to be held as necessary during the lifetime of the product.
• regression testing - to be performed on existing operational product to verify that existing functionality does not receive breaks down when other aspects of the environment has changed (for example, improving the platform on which existing application is walking).
A complex method can have a check plan to address high-level general requirements and supporting check designs for Address the details of the design of subsystems and components.Document formats check plan can be as varied as the products and the organizations that apply. There's four important elements which are described in the check plan: Check coverage, check methods and check responsibilities.They also are used in a formal testing strategy.Coverage of the tests in the check plan states what the requirements will be verified during what stages of product life. Check The coverage is derived from the design specifications and other requirements, such as safety standards or codes of self-regulation,where each requirement or design specification should ideally have four or more means for the verification. Coverage of tests for different stages of product life may overlap, but not necessarily be the same for all stages. For example, some requirements may be verified during the verification check design, but does not repeat during acceptance testing. Check coverage also feeds back in to the design method, because the product may must be designed to permit check access (see Design For Check).Check methods in the state of check plan coverage of how the check is conducted. Check methods can be determined by standards, regulatory, or contractual agreement, or may must generate new ones. Check methods also specified check equipment for use in conducting tests and establishing pass / fail criteria. The check methods used to verify
the hardware design requirements can range from simple measures, such as visual inspection, check development procedures that are documented separately.
Testing responsibilities include what organizations will conduct the check methods and at every stage of product life. This check allows organizations to plan, acquir e and create check equipment and other resources needed to implement check methods for which they are responsible. Proof of responsibilities also includes what information will be collected and how the information will be stored and reported (often referred to as "benefits"). Four outcome of a successful check plan must be a record or document of verification of all design specifications and requirements agreed to by all parties.

IEEE 829-1998 Test Plan Structure:
• Test plan identifier
• Introduction
• The evidence
• Check characteristics
• Do not be tested
• Focus
• Point of acceptance / rejection criteria
• The criteria for suspension and resumption requirements
• Proof of benefits
• testing tasks
• Environmental needs
• Responsibilities
• Staffing and training needs
• Calendar
• Risks and contingencies
• Approvals

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